Cancer cells exhibit heightened secretory states that drive tumor progression. Here, we identified a chromosome 3q amplicon that serves as a platform for secretory regulation in cancer. The 3q amplicon encodes multiple Golgi-resident proteins, including the scaffold Golgi integral membrane protein 4 (GOLIM4) and the ion channel ATPase secretory pathway Ca2+ transporting 1 (ATP2C1). We show that GOLIM4 recruited ATP2C1 and Golgi phosphoprotein 3 (GOLPH3) to coordinate Ca2+-dependent cargo loading, Golgi membrane bending, and vesicle scission. GOLIM4 depletion disrupted the protein complex, resulting in a secretory blockade that inhibited the progression of 3q-amplified malignancies. In addition to its role as a scaffold, GOLIM4 maintained intracellular manganese (Mn) homeostasis by binding excess Mn in the Golgi lumen, which initiated the routing of Mn-bound GOLIM4 to lysosomes for degradation. We show that Mn treatment inhibited the progression of multiple types of 3q-amplified malignancies by degrading GOLIM4, resulting in a secretory blockade that interrupted prosurvival autocrine loops and attenuated prometastatic processes in the tumor microenvironment. As it potentially underlies the selective activity of Mn against 3q-amplified malignancies, ATP2C1 coamplification increased Mn influx into the Golgi lumen, resulting in a more rapid degradation of GOLIM4. These findings show that functional cooperativity between coamplified genes underlies heightened secretion and a targetable secretory addiction in 3q-amplified malignancies.


Xiaochao Tan, Shike Wang, Guan-Yu Xiao, Chao Wu, Xin Liu, Biyao Zhou, Yu Jiang, Dzifa Y. Duose, Yuanxin Xi, Jing Wang, Kunika Gupta, Apar Pataer, Jack A. Roth, Michael P. Kim, Fengju Chen, Chad J. Creighton, William K. Russell, Jonathan M. Kurie


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