Despite incredible progress in cardiology research, cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death in industrialized nations. The reviews in this series explore selected areas of cardiovascular research that show promising translational potential. Areas of interest include therapeutic antagomirs targeting cardiac microRNAs, the genetic basis of cardiomyopathies and cardiac arrhythmias, the role of chronic inflammation in atherosclerosis, S-nitrosylation in vasodilatation, as well as emerging approaches to treat heart failure, such as gene therapy, stem cell regeneration, therapeutics that restore normal calcium cycling, and interventions to reduce reperfusion injury following myocardial infarction. Advances stemming from these ongoing research efforts may soon be poised to make an impact on the clinical management of cardiovascular disease. Image credit: BSIP / Science Source.
Published January 2013
Cancers derived from lymphoid cells, including B cell and T cell lineages, often exhibit aberrant processes of lymphoid differentiation or activation, resulting in a broad spectrum of diverse and complex lymphomas and leukemias. The reviews in this series focus on recent progress in selected lymphoid malignancies, with an emphasis on the molecular mechanisms and genetic alterations that drive oncogenesis, including new mutations identified by genome-wide analyses. These newly identified genes are improving our mechanistic understanding of how these cancers develop and progress, and provide new opportunities for therapeutic intervention. Cover image credit: Aaron Polliack / Photo Researchers, Inc.
Published October 2012
In addition to the critical function of gas exchange, our lungs also serve as an important barrier between our bodies and the environment. The reviews in this series explore all aspects of the lung, from the developmental processes that generate the barrier, to the immune reactions that drive conditions like asthma, to the cell biology that underlies acute respiratory distress and pulmonary fibrosis. In a turn toward clinical medicine, this series also addresses how basic research has contributed to the development of new therapeutic strategies for pulmonary disease. Cover image credit: Shutterstock, Inc. Copyright: Sebastian Kaulitzki
Published August 2012
Hidden behind the blood brain and blood CSF barriers, the nervous system is often considered an area of immune privilege, lacking the surveillance system that guards the rest of our bodies against infection. However, the reviews in this series reveal that the immune and nervous systems are actually inextricably linked. In addition to physical connections, the two systems share common signaling molecules and pathways, and the mechanics of cell-cell interactions in both systems are remarkably similar. Disturbance of the immune system of the brain is linked to important human conditions like multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s Disease, and other neurodegenerative diseases. Cover image credit: Photo Researchers
Published April 2012
Though it's the first thing we see when we look at each other, the skin may be occasionally forgotten as a site of clinically important disease. The reviews in this series highlight our current understanding of several common dermatological conditions, and describe how research in the field has played a major role in expanding our understanding of the basic biology of stem cells and cancer. Correspondingly, basic research findings have led to new insights into dermatological disease, often with impact on therapeutic strategies. Cover image credit: John Seykora
Published February 2012
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are major health problems worldwide, and despite identification of the causative agents and understanding of the mechanism of transmission, many have continued to grow in prevalence. Untreated, STIs may complicate pregnancy and fertility, lead to stillbirth, or result in chronic disease or death. Decades of research have offered glimpses into the pathophysiology of many of these diseases, but as the reviews in this series make clear, a deeper understanding of the natural history of infection, the molecular biology of the agents, and the environment of the hosts they invade will be necessary to achieve their control and eradication. Cover image credit: Thomas Quinn
Published December 2011
Published October 2011
Published June 2011
Published February 2011
When we describe pain as burning, stabbing, or aching, do we really know what those sensations are? The reviews in this series describe the neurobiological basis of pain, including how signals are transmitted, received, and modulated, and how modern technology allows this process to be visualized. These articles also discuss what goes wrong in chronic pain syndromes, and how our understanding of the biology of pain can help direct the development of new analgesics.
Published November 2010