γδT cells produce inflammatory cytokines and have been implicated in the pathogenesis of cancer, infectious diseases, and autoimmunity. The T cell receptor (TCR) signal transduction that specifically regulates the development of IL-17–producing γδT (γδT17) cells largely remains unclear. Here, we showed that the receptor proximal tyrosine kinase Syk is essential for γδTCR signal transduction and development of γδT17 in the mouse thymus. Zap70, another tyrosine kinase essential for the development of αβT cells, failed to functionally substitute for Syk in the development of γδT17. Syk induced the activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway upon γδTCR stimulation. Mice deficient in PI3K signaling exhibited a complete loss of γδT17, without impaired development of IFN-γ–producing γδT cells. Moreover, γδT17-dependent skin inflammation was ameliorated in mice deficient in RhoH, an adaptor known to recruit Syk. Thus, we deciphered lineage-specific TCR signaling and identified the Syk/PI3K pathway as a critical determinant of proinflammatory γδT cell differentiation.
Ryunosuke Muro, Takeshi Nitta, Kenta Nakano, Tadashi Okamura, Hiroshi Takayanagi, Harumi Suzuki
This article was first published December 4, 2017. Usage data is cumulative from December 2017 through January 2018.
Usage information is collected from two different sources: this site (JCI) and Pubmed Central (PMC). JCI information (compiled daily) shows human readership based on methods we employ to screen out robotic usage. PMC information (aggregated monthly) is also similarly screened of robotic usage.
Various methods are used to distinguish robotic usage. For example, Google automatically scans articles to add to its search index and identifies itself as robotic; other services might not clearly identify themselves as robotic, or they are new or unknown as robotic. Because this activity can be misinterpreted as human readership, data may be re-processed periodically to reflect an improved understanding of robotic activity. Because of these factors, readers should consider usage information illustrative but subject to change.