Published April 1, 2008 - More info
Transplanted donor lymphocytes infused during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) have been shown to cure patients with hematological malignancies. However, less is known about the effects of HSCT on metastatic solid tumors. Thus, a better understanding of the immune cells and their target antigens that mediate tumor regression is urgently needed to develop more effective HSCT approaches for solid tumors. Here we report regression of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in patients following nonmyeloablative HSCT consistent with a graft-versus-tumor effect. We detected RCC-reactive donor-derived CD8+ T cells in the blood of patients following nonmyeloablative HSCT. Using cDNA expression cloning, we identified a 10-mer peptide (CT-RCC-1) as a target antigen of RCC-specific CD8+ T cells. The genes encoding this antigen were found to be derived from human endogenous retrovirus (HERV) type E and were expressed in RCC cell lines and fresh RCC tissue but not in normal kidney or other tissues. We believe this to be the first solid tumor antigen identified using allogeneic T cells from a patient undergoing HSCT. These data suggest that HERV-E is activated in RCC and that it encodes an overexpressed immunogenic antigen, therefore providing a potential target for cellular immunity.
Yoshiyuki Takahashi, Nanae Harashima, Sachiko Kajigaya, Hisayuki Yokoyama, Elena Cherkasova, J. Philip McCoy, Ken-ichi Hanada, Othon Mena, Roger Kurlander, Tawab Abdul, Ramaprasad Srinivasan, Andreas Lundqvist, Elizabeth Malinzak, Nancy Geller, Michael I. Lerman, Richard W. Childs
Original citation: J. Clin. Invest.118:1099–1109 (2008). doi:10.1172/JCI34409.
Citation for this corrigendum: J. Clin. Invest. 118:1584 (2008). doi:10.1172/JCI34409C1.
During the preparation of the manuscript, author Abdul Tawab’s name was listed incorrectly. The correct author list appears above.
The authors regret the error.