Dengue fever, caused by four distinct serotypes of the dengue virus (DENV1–4), poses a public health concern for much of the world. The NIH’s Laboratory of Infectious Diseases at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) has developed a series of single-dose, live-attenuated tetravalent DENV vaccines, including TV005. However, phase III trials require a lengthy three-to-five year follow-up. In contrast, controlled human infection models (CHIMs) offer a faster means to assess vaccine efficacy for any of the four serotypes. In this issue of the JCI, Pierce, Durbin, and colleagues conducted a CHIM study with attenuated DENV2 and DENV3 challenge viruses in individuals six months after vaccination with TV005. The TV005 vaccine was well tolerated and effectively protected all vaccinated individuals from viremia and rash during challenges with DENV2 or DENV3. Notably, vaccine recipients also showed serotype-specific efficacy. While long-term studies are still needed, these findings represent an important step in providing protection against dengue virus.