Published March 1, 1982 - More info
We have explored the possibility of using cultured lymphoblasts from patients with a deficiency of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) as a source of cells for the isolation and characterization of mutant forms of the enzyme. HPRT from lymphoblasts derived from six male patients of five unrelated HPRT-deficient families was highly purified and characterized with regard to: (a) level of immunoreactive protein, (b) absolute specific activity, (c) isoelectric point, (d) migration during nondenaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and (e) apparent subunit molecular weight. There experiments were performed on small quantities of lymphoblasts using several micromethods involving protein blot analysis of crude extracts as well as isolation and characterization of enzyme labeled in culture with radioactive amino acids. The lymphoblast enzymes from four of the patients exhibited structural and functional abnormalities that were similar to the recently described abnormalities found with the highly purified erythrocyte enzymes from these same patients. In addition, a previously undescribed HPRT variant was isolated and characterized from lymphoblasts derived from two male siblings. This unique variant has been called HPRT Ann Arbor. We conclude that lymphoblastoid cell lines can be used as a source of cells for the detection, isolation, and characterization of structural variants of human HPRT.