The effect of aspirin in the primary prevention of diet-induced atherogenesis in cynomolgus monkeys was studied. The diet consisted of 2% cholesterol and 10% butter by weight for 24 wk. Six monkeys received only the atherogenic diet and five monkeys received the diet plus aspirin, 81 mg/monkey per day. Aspirin did not affect plasma cholesterol levels or aortic atherosclerosis. Platelet aggregation to arachidonic acid was almost completely suppressed. Aspirin decreased significantly the number of coronary vessels with atherosclerotic involvement, and the number of coronary vessels narrowed by 20% or more. Thus, aspirin appears to exert a protective effect in the primary prevention of diet-induced coronary atherosclerosis in a primate model.
R Pick, J Chediak, G Glick