Fletcher factor-deficient plasma is deficient in prekallikrein and therefore generates no bradykinin upon activation with kaolin. It also possesses a diminished rate of kaolin-activable coagulation and fibrinolysis and possesses a defect in kaolin-activable chemotactic activity. These abnormalities are also corrected by reconstitution with purified prekallikrein. Addition of intact activated Hageman factor corrected the coagulation, fibrinolytic, and chemotactic defects and addition of Hageman factor fragments corrected the fibrinolytic defect and partially corrected the chemotactic defect; neither of these corrected the kinin-generating defect. Although the Hageman factor-dependent pathways appear to be initiated by contact activation of Hageman factor, the kallikrein generated activates more Hageman factor; this feedback is necessary for the Hageman factor-dependent pathways to proceed at a normal rate. It is the absence of this feedback in Fletcher factor-deficient plasma that accounts for the diminished rate of activation of Hageman factor and therefore a diminished rate of activation of the coagulation and fibrinolytic pathways. The ability of prekallikrein to correct the coagulation, fibrinolytic, kinin-generating, and chemotactic defects of Fletcher factor-deficient plasma is consistent with the identity of the Fletcher factor and prekallikrein.
A S Weiss, J I Gallin, A P Kaplan