The lysates of peripheral cells as well as the serum from some patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia, contained a macromolecular factor which bound tritiated folic acid. Bound tracer folate filtered through Sephadex G-75 and G-100 columns with the early effluent and appeared with the inner volume through a Sephadex G-200 column. Bound tracer could not be extracted from solution by coated charcoal or the anion exchange resin Dowex 2-X8 and could not be reduced to tetrahydrofolate by folate reductase. The velocity of the binding reaction was very rapid and dissociation of bound tracer extremely slow. Binding decreased sharply below pH 5.0 and the binding factor as well as the folate-binder complex, resisted 56°C for 30 min. The binding factor in the leukemic lysate could be separated from endogenous folate reductase by filtration through a G-75 Sephadex column.
Sheldon P. Rothenberg, Maria daCosta