Obstruction of a major branch of the left coronary artery in a previously normal ventricle is not usually associated with shock, experimentally or clinically. To examine the early hemodynamic alterations which may determine the course of ischemia when myocardial scar exists from previous infarction, 16 animals were successfully studied 9 wk after obstruction of the left circumflex artery. Acute ischemia during thrombus formation in the anterior descending artery of intact anesthetized dogs with scar was compared with animals undergoing the same procedure in the absence of scar (group 1). In the chronic animals, two types of hemodynamic responses were observed. Group 2 was characterized by heart failure usually persisting through 3 hr, and group 3 by a different ventricular volume response and rapidly developing shock. The weight of ischemic and scar areas were comparable and coronary blood flow (85Kr method) to the ischemic site was reduced to a similar extent. Animals in groups 1 and 2 remained normotensive and had similar elevations of left ventricular enddiastolic volume (indicator dilution method) during the initial 60 min of ischemia. Group 2 had a significantly larger rise of end-diastolic pressure, presumably related to altered elastic properties associated with scar of subendocardial distribution.
Timothy J. Regan, Anthony J. Passannante, Mohammad I. Khan, Henry A. Oldewurtel, Mohan U. Jesrani