To examine the specific effect of extracellular fluid (ECF) volume expansion on phosphate excretion studies were performed in thyroparathyroidectomized dogs receiving saline solution intravenously. The natriuresis resulting from ECF volume expansion was consistently accompanied by an increase in phosphate excretion. The possible role of increased filtered load of phosphate was eliminated in experiments in which the filtered load of phosphate was reduced by acute reduction in the glomerular filtration rate. Despite considerable reductions in filtered phosphate, ECF volume expansion resulted in a consistent increase in phosphate excretion. Furthermore, the possible contribution of alteration in blood composition was investigated in experiments in which saline was infused during thoracic inferior vena cava constriction. In these experiments saline infusion failed to increase sodium or phosphate excretion. Cessation of saline infusion and release of caval constriction resulted in a prompt natriuresis and increased phosphate excretion. It is concluded from these studies that extracellular fluid volume expansion results in an increased phosphate excretion in the parathyroidectomized dog. This effect is the specific consequence of ECF volume expansion and is not due to increase in the filtered load of phosphate or alterations in blood composition.
Wadi N. Suki, Manuel Martinez-Maldonado, Diane Rouse, Arthur Terry