Multiple intestinal atresia (MIA) is a rare cause of bowel obstruction that is sometimes associated with a combined immunodeficiency (CID), leading to increased susceptibility to infections. The factors underlying this rare disease are poorly understood. We characterized the immunological and intestinal features of 6 unrelated MIA-CID patients. All patients displayed a profound, generalized lymphocytopenia, with few lymphocytes present in the lymph nodes. The thymus was hypoplastic and exhibited an abnormal distribution of epithelial cells. Patients also had profound disruption of the epithelial barrier along the entire gastrointestinal tract. Using linkage analysis and whole-exome sequencing, we identified 10 mutations in tetratricopeptide repeat domain–7A (
Amélie E. Bigorgne, Henner F. Farin, Roxane Lemoine, Nizar Mahlaoui, Nathalie Lambert, Marine Gil, Ansgar Schulz, Pierre Philippet, Patrick Schlesser, Tore G. Abrahamsen, Knut Oymar, E. Graham Davies, Christian Lycke Ellingsen, Emmanuelle Leteurtre, Brigitte Moreau-Massart, Dominique Berrebi, Christine Bole-Feysot, Patrick Nischke, Nicole Brousse, Alain Fischer, Hans Clevers, Geneviève de Saint Basile
Guidelines: The Editorial Board will only consider letters that we deem relevant and of interest to our readers. We will not post data that have not been subjected to peer review, nor will we post letters that are essentially a reiteration of another letter. We reserve the right to edit any letter for length, content, and clarity. Authors will be notified by e-mail if their letters were accepted. No appeals will be considered.
Specific requirements: All letters must be 400 words or fewer. You may enter the letter as plain text or HTML. The author's name and e-mail address are required, and will be posted with the letter. All possible conflicts of interest must be noted, even if they are not posted. If you wish to include a figure (keep in mind that non-peer-reviewed data will not be posted), please contact the editors directly at email@example.com.