The ligand for CD40 (CD40L) is a membrane protein on activated T cells that induces B cell proliferation and differentiation. Several mutations of the CD40L gene were reported responsible for defective class switching of B cells in an X-linked immunodeficiency with hyper IgM (X-HIM). We studied four affected males from three families and found three independent mutations including new mutations of CD40L gene. In every X-HIM patient tested, however, anti-CD40 plus IL-10 did not induce class switching from IgM to IgG or IgA, even in the presence of Staphylococcus aureus Cowan I strain (SAC). CD4+ T cell clones, expressing CD40L on their surface, also did not rescue IgG or IgA induction by X-HIM peripheral blood B cells in vitro. But signaling through CD40 induced both B cell proliferation and IgE secretion when IL-4 was added to the culture. Taken together, these results show that in vitro signaling through CD40 rescues IgE but not IgG or IgA secretion by peripheral blood X-HIM B cells and suggest that in vivo CD40 and CD40L interaction might be necessary for IgG and IgA differentiation in X-HIM.
O Saiki, T Tanaka, Y Wada, H Uda, A Inoue, Y Katada, M Izeki, M Iwata, H Nunoi, I Matsuda
Guidelines: The Editorial Board will only consider letters that we deem relevant and of interest to our readers. We will not post data that have not been subjected to peer review, nor will we post letters that are essentially a reiteration of another letter. We reserve the right to edit any letter for length, content, and clarity. Authors will be notified by e-mail if their letters were accepted. No appeals will be considered.
Specific requirements: All letters must be 400 words or fewer. You may enter the letter as plain text or HTML. The author's name and e-mail address are required, and will be posted with the letter. All possible conflicts of interest must be noted, even if they are not posted. If you wish to include a figure (keep in mind that non-peer-reviewed data will not be posted), please contact the editors directly at firstname.lastname@example.org.