Bone remodeling is characterized by the sequential, local tethering of osteoclasts and osteoblasts and is key to the maintenance of bone integrity. While bone matrix–mobilized growth factors, such as TGF-β, are proposed to regulate remodeling, no in vivo evidence exists that an osteoclast-produced molecule serves as a coupling factor for bone resorption to formation. We found that CTHRC1, a protein secreted by mature bone-resorbing osteoclasts, targets stromal cells to stimulate osteogenesis.
Sunao Takeshita, Toshio Fumoto, Kazuhiko Matsuoka, Kyoung-ae Park, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Shigeaki Kato, Masako Ito, Kyoji Ikeda
CTHRC1 is a secretory product of active, bone-resorbing osteoclasts.