Topical application of coal tar is one of the oldest therapies for atopic dermatitis (AD), a T helper 2 (Th2) lymphocyte–mediated skin disease associated with loss-of-function mutations in the skin barrier gene, filaggrin (
Ellen H. van den Bogaard, Judith G.M. Bergboer, Mieke Vonk-Bergers, Ivonne M.J.J. van Vlijmen-Willems, Stanleyson V. Hato, Pieter G.M. van der Valk, Jens Michael Schröder, Irma Joosten, Patrick L.J.M. Zeeuwen, Joost Schalkwijk
Coal tar induces epidermal differentiation via AHR signaling.