Neutrophil (PMN) tissue accumulation is an established feature of ulcerative colitis (UC) lesions and colorectal cancer (CRC). To assess the PMN phenotypic and functional diversification during inflammatory ulceration to CRC transition we analyzed the transcriptomic landscape of blood and tissue PMNs. Transcriptional programs effectively separated PMNs based on their localization to peripheral blood, inflamed colon, and tumors. In silico pathway overrepresentation analysis, protein-network mapping, gene signature identification, and gene-ontology scoring revealed unique enrichment of angiogenic and vasculature development pathways in tumor-associated neutrophils (TANs). Functional studies utilizing ex vivo cultures, colitis-induced murine CRC, and patient-derived xenograft models demonstrated a critical role for TANs in promoting tumor vascularization. Spp1 (OPN) and Mmp14 (MT1-MMP) were identified by unbiased -omics and mechanistic studies to be highly induced in TANs, acting to critically regulate endothelial cell chemotaxis and branching. TCGA dataset and clinical specimens confirmed enrichment of SPP1 and MMP14 in high-grade CRC but not in UC patients. Pharmacological inhibition of TAN trafficking or MMP14 activity effectively reduced tumor vascular density, leading to CRC regression. Our findings, demonstrate a niche-directed PMN functional specialization, and identify TAN contributions to tumor vascularization, delineating a new therapeutic framework for CRC treatment focused on TAN angiogenic properties.
Triet M. Bui, Lenore K. Yalom, Edward Ning, Jessica M. Urbanczyk, Xingsheng Ren, Caroline J. Herrnreiter, Jackson A. DiSario, Brian Wray, Matthew J. Schipma, Yuri S. Velichko, David P. Sullivan, Kouki Abe, Shannon M. Lauberth, Guang-Yu Yang, Parambir S. Dulai, Stephen B. Hanauer, Ronen Sumagin