Cisplatin is a potent chemotherapeutic drug that is widely used in the treatment of various solid cancers. However, its clinical effectiveness is strongly limited by frequent severe adverse effects, in particular nephrotoxicity and chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. Thus, there is an urgent medical need to identify novel strategies that limit cisplatin-induced toxicity. In the present study, we show that the FDA-approved adenosine A2A receptor antagonist istradefylline (KW6002) protected from cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity and neuropathic pain in mice with or without tumors. Moreover, we also demonstrate that the antitumoral properties of cisplatin were not altered by istradefylline in tumor-bearing mice and could even be potentiated. Altogether, our results support the use of istradefylline as a valuable preventive approach for the clinical management of patients undergoing cisplatin treatment.
Edmone Dewaeles, Kévin Carvalho, Sandy Fellah, Jaewon Sim, Nihad Boukrout, Raphaelle Caillierez, Hariharan Ramakrishnan, Cynthia Van der Hauwaert, Jhenkruthi Vijaya Shankara, Nathalie Martin, Noura Massri, Agathe Launay, Joseph K. Folger, Clémentine de Schutter, Romain Larrue, Ingrid Loison, Marine Goujon, Matthieu Jung, Stéphanie Le Gras, Victoria Gomez-Murcia, Emilie Faivre, Julie Lemaire, Anne Garat, Nicolas Beauval, Patrice Maboudou, Viviane Gnemmi, Jean-Baptiste Gibier, Luc Buée, Corinne Abbadie, Francois Glowacki, Nicolas Pottier, Michael Perrais, Rodrigo A. Cunha, Jean-Sébastien Annicotte, Geoffroy Laumet, David Blum, Christelle Cauffiez
KW6002 alleviates the cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity associated with apoptosis, lipid metabolism, and oxidative stress.