Metabolic reprogramming is a common hallmark of cancer, but a large variability in tumor bioenergetics exists between patients. Using high-resolution respirometry on fresh biopsies of human lung adenocarcinoma, we identified 2 subgroups reflected in the histologically normal, paired, cancer-adjacent tissue: high (OX+) mitochondrial respiration and low (OX–) mitochondrial respiration. The OX+ tumors poorly incorporated [18F]fluorodeoxy-glucose and showed increased expression of the mitochondrial trifunctional fatty acid oxidation enzyme (MTP; HADHA) compared with the paired adjacent tissue. Genetic inhibition of MTP altered OX+ tumor growth in vivo. Trimetazidine, an approved drug inhibitor of MTP used in cardiology, also reduced tumor growth and induced disruption of the physical interaction between the MTP and respiratory chain complex I, leading to a cellular redox and energy crisis. MTP expression in tumors was assessed using histology scoring methods and varied in negative correlation with [18F]fluorodeoxy-glucose incorporation. These findings provide proof-of-concept data for preclinical, precision, bioenergetic medicine in oxidative lung carcinomas.
Nivea Dias Amoedo, Saharnaz Sarlak, Emilie Obre, Pauline Esteves, Hugues Bégueret, Yann Kieffer, Benoît Rousseau, Alexis Dupis, Julien Izotte, Nadège Bellance, Laetitia Dard, Isabelle Redonnet-Vernhet, Giuseppe Punzi, Mariana Figueiredo Rodrigues, Elodie Dumon, Walid Mafhouf, Véronique Guyonnet-Dupérat, Lara Gales, Tony Palama, Floriant Bellvert, Nathalie Dugot-Senan, Stéphane Claverol, Jean-Marc Baste, Didier Lacombe, Hamid Reza Rezvani, Ciro Leonardo Pierri, Fatima Mechta-Grigoriou, Matthieu Thumerel, Rodrigue Rossignol