Cross-talk between signaling pathways is increasingly recognized as integral to cellular function. We investigated whether the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway alters vasopressin (AVP) stimulation of protein kinase A (PKA) by specifically studying the role of Ras. Mouse cortical collecting duct cells (M-1) were transfected with a cDNA encoding oncogenic Ras. Transfection was confirmed by Western blot analysis and functionally by enhanced basal MAPK activity. When compared with basal MAPK activity of 26.4 +/- 6.6 pmol/mg/min in controls, basal MAPK activity varied widely in Ras-transfected clones from 29.0 +/- 6.6 to 96.6 +/- 13.4 pmol/mg/min. Clones that functionally expressed activated Ras displayed complete abolition of AVP-stimulated PKA activity, whereas those that failed to express elevated basal MAPK activity showed intact AVP-stimulated PKA. The correlation between expression of high basal MAPK activity and inhibition of AVP-induced PKA yielded a correlation coefficient of -0.92 (P = 0.009). Exposure to 10 microM forskolin or 1 microgram/ml cholera toxin resulted in comparable activation of PKA in all clones. We found no correlation between PKC activity of the clones and PKA inhibition. To assess whether the observed effect was due to one known Ras target, cells were transfected with constitutively activated Raf. M-1 cells expressing activated Raf exhibited elevated MAPK activity. The Raf clones showed no impairment of AVP-stimulated PKA activity. We conclude that expression of activated Ras is inhibitory of AVP-induced PKA activation in the M-1 cortical collecting duct cell line at a site proximal to G alpha s protein. The failure of Raf to influence AVP signaling indicates that the action of Ras is through a pathway independent of this Ras target.
R Wong, L Heasley, L Ao, T Berl