To investigate the mechanisms of the negative feedback inhibition of growth hormone (GH) secretion by IGF-I, we studied parameters of GH pulsatility in six normal, fed men before and during a 48-h infusion of recombinant human IGF-I (rhIGF-I) (10-15 micrograms/kg per h). Plasma levels of IGF-I increased from the baseline value of 163.5 +/- 9.3 micrograms/liter (mean +/- SE) to a new steady state of 452.0 +/- 20.9 micrograms/liter during the infusion. Plasma GH concentrations were measured every 10 min for 24 h during both saline and rhIGF-I infusions using a sensitive chemiluminescent assay. Overall, GH concentrations were suppressed during the rhIGF-I infusion by 85 +/- 3%, mainly by attenuating spontaneous GH pulse amplitude (77 +/- 4% suppression). The apparent GH pulse frequency was attenuated from 7.8 +/- 0.9 to 4.7 +/- 0.6 pulses/24 h (P = 0.006). Administration of rhIGF suppressed GH responses to exogenous GH-releasing hormone by 82 +/- 3%, and thyroid-stimulating hormone responses to thyrotropin-releasing hormone were also suppressed by 44 +/- 9%. This constellation of hormonal effects is most compatible with the rhIGF-I-induced stimulation of hypothalamic somatostatin secretion.
M Bermann, C A Jaffe, W Tsai, R DeMott-Friberg, A L Barkan