To examine the renal tubular sites and mechanisms involved in the effects of hypooncotic volume expansion (VE) on renal electrolyte excretion, we performed clearance and isolated tubular perfusion studies using intact and thyroparathyroidectomized (TPTX) rabbits. We also examined the effect of VE on luminal brush border transport. In the microperfusion studies, proximal convoluted (PCT) and straight (PST) tubules were taken from rabbits without prior VE or after 30 min of 6% (body wt) VE. Acute VE increased the percentage excretion of Na, Ca, and P in TPTX animals and the percentage and absolute excretions of these ions in intact rabbits. In PST from VE animals, fluid flux (Jv) was depressed compared with Jv in PST from nonVE rabbits: Jv = 0.18 +/- 0.03, (VE) vs. 0.31 +/- 0.03 nl/mm.min, (nonVE) P less than 0.02. Phosphate transport (Jp) in the PST from VE animals was also depressed: JP = 1.58 +/- 0.10 (VE) vs. 2.62 +/- 0.47 pmol/mm.min, (nonVE) P less than 0.05. Similar results were obtained with TPTX animals. In the PCT from VE animals, Jv was decreased (0.49 +/- 0.10 (VE) vs. 0.97 +/- 0.14 nl/mm.min, (nonVE) P less than 0.02), but JP was not affected significantly. Transport inhibition was stable over approximately 90 min of perfusion. In the brush border vesicle studies, sodium-dependent phosphate transport was inhibited compared with that in control animals, at the 9-, 30-, and 60-s time points. These findings indicate that the inhibition of renal ionic transport by VE occurs in both PCT and PST and is, in part, the result of a direct effect of VE on tubular transport mechanisms.
T O Pitts, J A McGowan, T C Chen, M Silverman, M E Rose, J B Puschett