First published August 1, 1986 - More info
Patients with progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) demonstrated persistent reductions in levels of concanavalin A (Con A)-induced suppressor activity and heightened levels of in vitro pokeweed mitogen (PWM)-induced IgG secretion. The reduced Con A suppressor activity could not be reversed by addition of interleukin 2 (IL-2). Cyclosporine A (CsA) treatment did not alter the defect in Con A-induced suppressor activity, but did markedly inhibit T8+ cell-mediated alloantigen directed cytolytic activity; this latter defect was reversible by in vitro addition of IL-2. CsA-treated patients did not differ from placebo-treated patients with regard to levels of PWM-induced IgG secretion or proliferative responses of their mononuclear cells to Con A. The results indicate that CsA treatment of MS patients reduces cytolytic function from baseline normal values, but does not alter aberrant suppressor cell function.