Injections of media conditioned by concanavalin A-activated spleen cells from acutely diabetic rats accelerated the appearance of diabetes in young Bio-Breeding/Worcester (BB/W) rats. Activity was also found in media conditioned by spleen cells from nondiabetic, W-line Wistar Furth and Buffalo rats. Unconditioned media containing mitogen had no activity. Conditioned media also induced diabetes in resistant W-line BB/W rats but not in Wistar Furth rats. A soluble factor may activate a BB lymphocyte population that promotes diabetes.
E S Handler, J P Mordes, J Seals, S Koevary, A A Like, K Nakano, A A Rossini