We tested the hypothesis that prostacyclin (PGI2), 6-keto-prostaglandinF1 alpha(6-keto-PGF1 alpha), and several E series prostaglandins (PG) may affect the activity of cholesteryl ester (CE) hydrolase since our previous experiments indicated that smooth muscle cells (SMC) in neointima of injured rabbit aorta (a) acquire the capacity to produce PGI2 and (b) have increased lysosomal CE hydrolytic (acid cholesteryl ester hydrolase [ACEH])activity. Using cultured SMC from rabbit thoracic aorta, we demonstrated that PGI2, 6-keto-PGF1 alpha, and 6-keto-PGE1 enhanced ACEH activity fourfold. No significant effects on ACEH activity were observed with PGE1 or PGE2. Preincubation of SMC with an inhibitor of adenylate cyclase activity (dideoxyadenosine) abolished the effect of these PG on CE hydrolytic activity. Addition of dibutyryl cAMP to these SMC significantly increased ACEH activity. Although concentrations of PGI2 used significantly increased cAMP levels, proliferation of these SMC was not observed. In related experiments, we determined if the addition of PGI2, 6-keto-PGF1 alpha, or 6-keto-PGE1 to cultured aortic SMC would enhance the egress of unesterified cholesterol and CE from these SMC. A significant loss of total cholesterol from PG-treated SMC was observed at the end of 14 d. Results suggest that increased synthesis of PGI2 by neointimal SMC in the injured aortic wall may, at least in part, explain the changes in CE catabolism and accumulation following injury. These PG may also be important in CE metabolism and accumulation in human arteries.
D P Hajjar, B B Weksler, D J Falcone, J M Hefton, K Tack-Goldman, C R Minick