21 patients with Sjögren's syndrome (sicca syndrome) with either glandular or extraglandular involvement, but without other connective tissue diseases, were studied with regard to immunoregulatory T-cell subpopulations, B-cell function, and suppressor cell capabilities. Patients with isolated glandular disease as well as patients with extraglandular disease had normal absolute numbers of total lymphocytes, T cells, and B cells. However, 9 of 11 patients with extraglandular disease and only 3 of 10 patients with glandular disease had decreased relative proportions of T cells bearing receptors for the Fc portion of immunoglobulin (Ig)G (TG) which was explained by a factor that blocked the expression of the IgG Fc receptor on TG cells. This blockage was reversible since the factor could be removed by trypsinizing the T cells before TG determination. Serum from patients with abnormal proportions of TG cells, but not serum from patients with normal proportions of TG cells, blocked the expression of the IgG Fc receptor on normal T cells. The serum factor upon fractionation over Bio-Gel A 1.5 columns as well as over staphylococcal protein A-Sepharose 4B columns was found diffusely within the IgG fraction, and not in the IgM fraction.
Haralampos M. Moutsopoulos, Anthony S. Fauci
Usage data is cumulative from June 2022 through June 2023.
Usage information is collected from two different sources: this site (JCI) and Pubmed Central (PMC). JCI information (compiled daily) shows human readership based on methods we employ to screen out robotic usage. PMC information (aggregated monthly) is also similarly screened of robotic usage.
Various methods are used to distinguish robotic usage. For example, Google automatically scans articles to add to its search index and identifies itself as robotic; other services might not clearly identify themselves as robotic, or they are new or unknown as robotic. Because this activity can be misinterpreted as human readership, data may be re-processed periodically to reflect an improved understanding of robotic activity. Because of these factors, readers should consider usage information illustrative but subject to change.