Secretion of intrinsic factor (IF) has previously been demonstrated in isolated rabbit fundic mucosa maintained in organ culture. We have now investigated the possibility that cyclic nucleotides may play a role in IF secretion. A phosphodiesterase inhibitor, 3-isobutyl methylxanthine (IBMX), stimulated IF secretion nearly fourfold while increasing tissue levels of both cyclic AMP (cAMP) and cyclic GMP (cGMP). Peak IF secretion in response to IBMX was not reached until after tissue cAMP levels were maximal. Dibutyryl cAMP and 8-Br-cAMP increased secretion by the same order of magnitude as did IBMX, whereas corresponding analogues of cGMP had no such effect. Histamine increased secretion of IF. In the presence of 40 microM IBMX, histamine elevated tissue levels of cAMP, but not of cGMP, and the stimulating effect of 10 microM histamine on IF secretion was potentiated. An H2 receptor antagonist, cimetidine, blocked the increases in IF secretion and tissue cAMP levels due to histamine, and the increase in IF secretion due to IBMX. These observations are consistent with a role for cAMP in the secretion of IF by isolated gastric mucosa.
C R Kapadia, D E Schafer, R M Donaldson Jr, E R Ebersole