Micropuncture techniques in the rat were used to reinvestigate the possibility that intraluminal flow rate per se may influence net volume reabsorption by the proximal tubule. An experimental design was devised which lowered intraluminal flow without affecting filtration rate of the nephron under study or without directly affecting other renal hemodynamics. In 11 rats flow of tubular fluid between early and late proximal tubular sites was reduced by partially collecting tubular fluid at the early puncture site. In 42 nephrons the rate of flow of tubular fluid was reduced an average of 45% without changing nephron filtration rate and there was an associated reduction in reabsorption between the two sites which averaged 29%. This indicated 63% balance between delivery of tubular fluid and the rate of reabsorption between two sites along proximal tubules. The results of these studies indicate that a reduction in delivery of normal filtrate along the proximal tubule is associated with a concordant reduction in the absolute rate of reabsorption. Since this relationship occurred in the absence of changes in renal hemodynamics or even a change in filtration rate of the nephron under study it is concluded that changes in intraluminal load per se play an important role in the phenomenon of glomerulotubular balance.
Ettore Bartoli, John D. Conger, Laurence E. Earley