Glucose oxidation to CO2 in man at the fasted, steady state has been investigated in normal, hypothyroid, patients by monitoring the specific activity of plasma glucose and expired CO2 after intravenous injection of glucose-1-14C, glucose-6-14C, and sodium bicarbonate-24C in tracer amounts. Making certain stoichiometric assumptions about the oxidation of the C-1 and C-6 carbons of glucose to CO2, the data are incorporated into a multicompartmental model describing the kinetics of plasma glucose, plasma bicarbonate, and the conversion of glucose to CO2 by the hexose monophosphate pathway and all other series and parallel pathways which oxidize glucose carbon to CO2 (EMP-TCA). This formulation separates the distribution kinetics of glucose and bicarbonate from the kinetics of glucose oxidation to CO2. It allows the calculation of a minimal fraction (ϕt) of glucose irreversibly oxidized to CO2 which is based entirely on the duration of the experimental data. This calculation is independent of the extrapolative implications of the model beyond the experimental interval and of the particular model chosen to fit the data. All modeling and data fitting were performed on a digital computer with the SAAM program.
David M. Shames, Mones Berman, Stanton Segal