We tested the relationship between postglomerular microvascular protein concentration and rates of sodium and water transfer by rat proximal tubules. Using recently described microperfusion techniques, efferent arterioles and branch peritubular capillaries of normal hydropenic rats were perfused with colloid-free Ringer's solution, and isoncotic (9.0-10.0 g/100 ml) and hyperoncotic (15 g/100 ml) albumin-Ringer's solutions. Reabsorption in adjacent proximal tubules was studied using free-flow techniques, with initial collections obtained during normal blood perfusion, recollections during experimental microperfusion, and in some tubules, repeat recollections after microperfusion and spontaneous resumption of blood perfusion. Colloid-free perfusion resulted in a uniform inhibition of proximal reabsorption (absolute and fractional). Despite identical techniques, substitution of isoncotic and hyperoncotic perfusates resulted, on average, in unchanged and increased rates of reabsorption, respectively. These findings of direct linear changes in reabsorption in response to changes in postglomerular protein concentrations usually occurred in the absence of significant changes in filtered load, and were nearly always found to be reversible within minutes of cessation of experimental perfusion.
Barry M. Brenner, Julia L. Troy