HDL from healthy humans and lean mice inhibits palmitate-induced adipocyte inflammation; however, the effect of the inflammatory state on the functional properties of HDL on adipocytes is unknown. Here, we found that HDL from mice injected with AgNO3 fails to inhibit palmitate-induced inflammation and reduces cholesterol efflux from 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Moreover, HDL isolated from obese mice with moderate inflammation and humans with systemic lupus erythematosus had similar effects. Since serum amyloid A (SAA) concentrations in HDL increase with inflammation, we investigated whether elevated SAA is a causal factor in HDL dysfunction. HDL from AgNO3-injected mice lacking
Chang Yeop Han, Chongren Tang, Myriam E. Guevara, Hao Wei, Tomasz Wietecha, Baohai Shao, Savitha Subramanian, Mohamed Omer, Shari Wang, Kevin D. O’Brien, Santica M. Marcovina, Thomas N. Wight, Tomas Vaisar, Maria C. de Beer, Frederick C. de Beer, William R. Osborne, Keith B. Elkon, Alan Chait
HDL from AgNO3-injected mice loses its ability to inhibit palmitate-induced adipocyte inflammation, to stimulate cholesterol efflux, and to suppress ROS generation by adipocytes.