Mucosal-associated invariant T cells (MAITs) have potent antimicrobial activity and are abundant in humans (5%–10% in blood). Despite strong evolutionary conservation of the invariant TCR-α chain and restricting molecule MR1, this population is rare in laboratory mouse strains (≈0.1% in lymphoid organs), and lack of an appropriate mouse model has hampered the study of MAIT biology. Herein, we show that MAITs are 20 times more frequent in clean wild-derived inbred CAST/EiJ mice than in C57BL/6J mice. Increased MAIT frequency was linked to one CAST genetic trait that mapped to the TCR-α locus and led to higher usage of the distal Vα segments, including Vα19. We generated a MAIThi congenic strain that was then crossed to a transgenic
Yue Cui, Katarzyna Franciszkiewicz, Yvonne K. Mburu, Stanislas Mondot, Lionel Le Bourhis, Virginie Premel, Emmanuel Martin, Alexandra Kachaner, Livine Duban, Molly A. Ingersoll, Sylvie Rabot, Jean Jaubert, Jean-Pierre De Villartay, Claire Soudais, Olivier Lantz
Usage data is cumulative from July 2018 through July 2019.
Usage information is collected from two different sources: this site (JCI) and Pubmed Central (PMC). JCI information (compiled daily) shows human readership based on methods we employ to screen out robotic usage. PMC information (aggregated monthly) is also similarly screened of robotic usage.
Various methods are used to distinguish robotic usage. For example, Google automatically scans articles to add to its search index and identifies itself as robotic; other services might not clearly identify themselves as robotic, or they are new or unknown as robotic. Because this activity can be misinterpreted as human readership, data may be re-processed periodically to reflect an improved understanding of robotic activity. Because of these factors, readers should consider usage information illustrative but subject to change.