Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy and the fourth most common malignancy in women. For most patients in whom the disease is confined to the uterus, treatment results in successful remission; however, there are no curative treatments for tumors that have progressed beyond the uterus. The serine/threonine kinase LKB1 has been identified as a potent suppressor of uterine cancer, but the biological modes of action of LKB1 in this context remain incompletely understood. Here, we have shown that LKB1 suppresses tumor progression by altering gene expression in the tumor microenvironment. We determined that LKB1 inactivation results in abnormal, cell-autonomous production of the inflammatory cytokine chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) within tumors, which leads to increased recruitment of macrophages with prominent tumor-promoting activities. Inactivation of
Christopher G. Peña, Yuji Nakada, Hatice D. Saatcioglu, Gina M. Aloisio, Ileana Cuevas, Song Zhang, David S. Miller, Jayanthi S. Lea, Kwok-Kin Wong, Ralph J. DeBerardinis, Antonio L. Amelio, Rolf A. Brekken, Diego H. Castrillon
Discovery and validation of transcripts regulated by LKB1 in endometrial epithelium by gene-expression profiling.