Liver cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been identified and shown to have self-renewal and differentiation properties; however, the biology of these hepatic CSCs remains largely unknown. Here, we analyzed transcriptome gene expression profiles of liver CSCs and non-CSCs from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells lines and found that the transcription factor (TF) ZIC2 is highly expressed in liver CSCs. ZIC2 was required for the self-renewal maintenance of liver CSCs, as ZIC2 depletion reduced sphere formation and xenograft tumor growth in mice. We determined that ZIC2 acts upstream of the TF OCT4 and that ZIC2 recruits the nuclear remodeling factor (NURF) complex to the
Pingping Zhu, Yanying Wang, Lei He, Guanling Huang, Ying Du, Geng Zhang, Xinlong Yan, Pengyan Xia, Buqing Ye, Shuo Wang, Lu Hao, Jiayi Wu, Zusen Fan
ZIC2 is highly expressed in HCC tumor tissues.