Histone demethylase upregulation has been observed in human cancers, yet it is unknown whether this is a bystander event or a driver of tumorigenesis. We found that overexpression of lysine-specific demethylase 4A (KDM4A, also known as JMJD2A) was positively correlated with Gleason score and metastasis in human prostate tumors. Overexpression of JMJD2A resulted in the development of prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia in mice, demonstrating that JMJD2A can initiate prostate cancer development. Moreover, combined overexpression of JMJD2A and the ETS transcription factor ETV1, a JMJD2A-binding protein, resulted in prostate carcinoma formation in mice haplodeficient for the phosphatase and tensin homolog (
Tae-Dong Kim, Fang Jin, Sook Shin, Sangphil Oh, Stan A. Lightfoot, Joseph P. Grande, Aaron J. Johnson, Jan M. van Deursen, Jonathan D. Wren, Ralf Janknecht
Interaction of JMJD2A with ETV1.