Secondary hyperparathyroidism often occurs in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and vitamin D deficiency, resulting in increased fractures and mortality. Understanding factors that stimulate parathyroid hormone (PTH) synthesis is important for devising methods to treat this condition. Previous work has demonstrated that murine Pth mRNA levels are regulated by proteins that bind AU-rich elements (AREs) within the 3′ UTR region of Pth mRNA and influence Pth mRNA stability. In this issue of the JCI, Nechama et al. demonstrate that in murine secondary hyperparathyroidism associated with CKD or Ca deficiency, the activity of Pin1, a peptidyl-prolyl isomerase, is reduced (see the related article beginning on page 3102). Reduced Pin1 activity resulted in the phosphorylation and degradation of an ARE-binding protein, K-homology splicing regulator protein (KSRP), which normally enhances the degradation of Pth mRNA. The activity of other ARE-binding proteins, such as AU-rich binding factor 1 (AUF1), that increase Pth mRNA stability, was increased, thereby increasing PTH synthesis. This work suggests new ways by which to regulate PTH synthesis in secondary hyperparathyroidism.
Cellular processing of RNA.