We have examined the constitutive and inducible secretion of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-like proteins in a variety of human hemopoietic cell lines. The highest levels of secreted protein were noted in four human erythroleukemia lines which, in addition to erythroid lineage markers, express one or more megakaryocytic lineage markers. Induction of these lines by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate enhanced the expression of megakaryocytic markers and increased secretion of PDGF-like proteins several fold. In concert with these changes, there was significant induction of c-sis/PDGF-B messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in all lines, whereas one line showed significant concurrent induction of PDGF-A mRNA expression. Whether PDGF-like secretion is part of the stem cell-like phenotype displayed by these lines or is secondary to their leukemic transformation remains to be determined. Nevertheless, these lines provide new cellular models for studying the expression and function of PDGF analogs in hemopoietic cells.


T Papayannopoulou, E Raines, S Collins, B Nakamoto, M Tweeddale, R Ross


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