Published November 1, 1986 - More info
Platelet consumption is a prominent feature of disseminated intravascular coagulation. We investigated whether monocyte procoagulant activity (PCA) might play a role in platelet consumption associated with gram-negative septicemia. Human mononuclear cells exposed in vitro to lipopolysaccharide demonstrated parallel dose-dependent increases in PCA and ability to induce platelet aggregation. Induction of platelet aggregation required the generation of thrombin dependent on coagulation Factors VII, X, and II, and calcium. This is consistent with monocyte tissue factor initiating thrombin generation. A specific monoclonal antimonocyte antibody was used to identify monocytes via indirect immunofluorescence, and demonstrated that all monocytes were included in platelet aggregates. Mononuclear cells that did not express PCA did not induce platelet aggregation and monocytes were not surrounded by platelet clumps. These data suggest that monocytes induced to express tissue factor on their surface may be important mediators of endotoxin-induced platelet, as well as fibrinogen, consumption.