Endogenous phospholipid metabolism in stimulated human platelets was studied by phosphorus assay of major and minor components following separation by two-dimensional thin-layer chromatography. This procedure obviated the use of radioactive labels. Extensive changes were found in quantities of phosphatidylinositol (PI) and phosphatidic acid (PA) as a consequence of thrombin or collagen stimulation. Thrombin addition was followed by rapid alterations in the amount of endogenous PI and PA. The decrease in PI was not precisely reciprocated by an increase in PA when thrombin was the stimulus. This apparent discrepancy could be explained by removal of a transient intermediate in PI metabolism, such as diglyceride, formed by PI-specific phospholipase C (Rittenhouse-Simmons, S., J. Clin. Invest.63: 580-587, 1979). Diglyceride would be unavailable for PA formation by diglyceride kinase, if hydrolyzed by diglyceride lipase (Bell, R. L., D. A. Kennerly, N. Stanford, and P. W. Majerus. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.76: 3238-3241, 1979) to yield arachidonate for prostaglandin endoperoxide formation. Thrombin-treated platelets also accumulated lysophospho-glycerides. Specifically, lysophosphatidyl ethanolamines accumulated within 15s following thrombin addition. Fatty acid and aldehyde analysis indicated phospholipase A2 activity, with an apparent preference for diacyl ethanolamine phosphoglycerides. In the case of collagen, these changes occurred concomitantly with aggregation and consumption of oxygen for prostaglandin endoperoxide formation.
M. Johan Broekman, Jean W. Ward, Aaron J. Marcus