Insulin secretory responses to paired intravenous and oral glucose loads were determined in 38 nonobese individuals classified as normal (nondiabetic) subjects, “mild” diabetics (fasting blood glucose below 105 mg per 100 ml), or “moderate” diabetics (fasting glucose below 192 mg per 100 ml). Studies were also performed in 29 obese persons who were similarly grouped. The intravenous load was given to assess the alacrity of hormonal release after glycemic stimulus, and the oral glucose to determine how the speed of initial insulinogenesis modifies the disposition of ingested carbohydrate.
Holbrooke S. Seltzer, E. William Allen, Arthur L. Herron Jr., Mildred T. Brennan
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