Journal staff strongly encourages authors to use EndNote in Microsoft Word to ensure that the format is correct.
Ensure that all citations have a corresponding reference, all references are cited, and there are no duplicates.
Staff may return a submission if references are not prepared according to Journal format.
References are cited sequentially in the text
Citations appear as numerals in parentheses preceded by a space; for example,
“as described previously (1, 2)”
“several research groups (3–10) have found”
“as discussed previously (11, 13, 15–20)”
Do not use superscript, brackets, italics, or other formatting.
References are numbered in the order in which they are cited in the text.
Bibliographical information is presented according to the most recent edition of the AMA Manual of Style, with the following exception: when a publication has 3 or more authors, include only the first author, followed by “, et al.”
Jacobsen D. Practical chemistry of homocysteine and other thiols. In: Carmel R, Jacobsen D, eds. Homocysteine in Health and Disease. Cambridge University Press; 2001:9–20.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Asthma Risk Factors and Prevention Research. http://stemcells.nih.gov/policy/2009guidelines. Updated April 5, 2018. Accessed November 5, 2020.
Presentations at meetings
Morales M, Zhou X. Health practices of immigrant women: indigenous knowledge in an urban environment. Paper presented at: 78th Association for Information Science and Technology Annual Meeting; November 6–10, 2015; St. Louis, Missouri, USA. https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.5555/2857070.2857108. Accessed March 15, 2020.