Advertisement
Article tools
  • View PDF
  • Cite this article
  • E-mail this article
  • Send a letter
  • Information on reuse
  • Standard abbreviations
  • Article usage
Author information
Need help?

Research Article

Role of interleukin-1 in the pathogenesis of experimental shigellosis.

P J Sansonetti, J Arondel, J M Cavaillon and M Huerre

Unité de Pathogénie Microbienne Moléculaire, Unité 389 Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Paris, France.

Published August 1995

The effect of human recombinant interleukin-1 receptor antagonist on intestinal inflammation, tissue destruction, and bacterial invasion during experimental shigellosis caused by Shigella flexneri was studied in the rabbit-ligated loop infection model. Intravenous infusion of the inhibitor at a dose of 2 mg/kg per h, was initiated 30 min before intestinal loops were ligated and infected, and continued during the 8-h period of infection. The animals treated with IL-1 receptor antagonist showed a striking decrease in inflammation, destruction, and bacterial invasion of their tissues, both at the level of the villous intestine and Peyer's patches. This is conclusive evidence that interleukin-1 plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of shigellosis. This proinflammatory cytokine is here proposed as a major trigger of the inflammatory reaction which is characteristic of this invasive disease of the intestine, due to the particular interaction existing between S. flexneri and macrophages.

Browse pages

Click on an image below to see the page. View PDF of the complete article

Advertisement
Advertisement