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Research Article

Clonality of angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy and implications for its evolution to malignant lymphoma.

E H Lipford, H R Smith, S Pittaluga, E S Jaffe, A D Steinberg and J Cossman

Published February 1987

To investigate the relationship of the lymphoid hyperplasia of angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy with dysproteinemia (AILD) to supervening malignant lymphoma, we subjected DNA from lymph nodes and peripheral blood mononuclear cells from five AILD patients to Southern blot analysis to detect clonal rearrangements of immunoglobulin and T-cell receptor genes. Lymph nodes and peripheral blood from AILD patients were found to contain clones of lymphoid cells harboring either immunoglobulin or T-cell receptor gene rearrangements that, in some instances, regressed during the course of disease. A lymph node from one patient was involved by immunoblastic lymphoma and manifested an additional gene rearrangement pattern not seen in premalignant specimens from that patient. In contrast, DNA obtained from normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells and 11 examples of other forms of lymphoid hyperplasia showed no gene rearrangements. As a disorder of cellular immunoregulation in which lymphoid cells may escape normal growth controls, AILD provides a natural model to dissect stages of lymphomagenesis in man.

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