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Research Article

Acquired Bernard-Soulier syndrome. Evidence for the role of a 210,000-molecular weight protein in the interaction of platelets with von Willebrand factor.

R B Stricker, D Wong, S R Saks, L Corash and M A Shuman

Published September 1985

A patient with a lymphoproliferative disorder developed bleeding associated with a prolonged bleeding time and a selective defect of platelet aggregation in response to ristocetin. The patient's purified IgG was shown to inhibit aggregation of washed normal platelets by ristocetin and von Willebrand factor (F VIII:vWF). By Western blotting, it was shown that antibody bound specifically to an antigen of Mr 210,000 present on normal platelets but missing on platelets from patients with congenital Bernard-Soulier syndrome (BSS). Binding was effected by the F(ab)2 portion of the IgG, indicating the presence of an autoantibody rather than an immune complex. These results suggest that the 210,000-Mr protein is involved in the interaction of F VIII:vWF with platelets. Furthermore, we have demonstrated the apparent absence of an additional protein on congenital BSS platelets. Heat-aggregated IgG was also shown to bind to the 210,000-Mr protein, suggesting that this protein may function as an Fc receptor on platelets. The relationship of the 210,000-Mr protein to glycoprotein Ib and the precise role of this protein in the interaction of platelets with F VIII:vWF need to be characterized.

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