PKA phosphorylates multiple molecules involved in calcium (Ca2+) handling in cardiac myocytes and is considered to be the predominant regulator of β-adrenergic receptor–mediated enhancement of cardiac contractility; however, recent identification of exchange protein activated by cAMP (EPAC), which is independently activated by cAMP, has challenged this paradigm. Mice lacking
Satoshi Okumura, Takayuki Fujita, Wenqian Cai, Meihua Jin, Iyuki Namekata, Yasumasa Mototani, Huiling Jin, Yoshiki Ohnuki, Yayoi Tsuneoka, Reiko Kurotani, Kenji Suita, Yuko Kawakami, Shogo Hamaguchi, Takaya Abe, Hiroshi Kiyonari, Takashi Tsunematsu, Yunzhe Bai, Sayaka Suzuki, Yuko Hidaka, Masanari Umemura, Yasuhiro Ichikawa, Utako Yokoyama, Motohiko Sato, Fumio Ishikawa, Hiroko Izumi-Nakaseko, Satomi Adachi-Akahane, Hikaru Tanaka, Yoshihiro Ishikawa
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