We have demonstrated that a single injection of interleukin (IL)-12 on the day of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) inhibits acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in mice. This effect of IL-12 can be diminished by anti-interferon (IFN)-gamma mAb. To determine the mechanism by which IFN-gamma affects IL-12-mediated GVHD protection, we have compared the effect of IL-12 on GVHD in C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) or IFN-gamma gene knockout (GKO) recipients of fully major histocompatibility complex plus minor antigen-mismatched allogeneic BMT from WT or GKO BALB/c mice. Lethal acute GVHD was readily induced in the absence of IFN-gamma. IL-12 inhibited GVHD mortality to a similar extent in WT and GKO recipients of WT allogeneic BMT. However, neither WT nor GKO recipients were protected by IL-12 from GVHD induced by GKO allogeneic BMT. Moreover, the effective inhibition of host-reactive donor T cell activation and expansion that is associated with IL-12-mediated GVHD protection was dependent on the ability of BALB/c donors to produce IFN-gamma. These results demonstrate that (a) acute GVHD can be induced in the absence of IFN-gamma, (b) host IFN-gamma does not play a critical role in IL-12-induced GVHD protection, and (c) the protective effect of IL-12 against GVHD is dependent on the ability of the donor to produce IFN-gamma.
Y G Yang, B R Dey, J J Sergio, D A Pearson, M Sykes
Guidelines: The Editorial Board will only consider letters that we deem relevant and of interest to our readers. We will not post data that have not been subjected to peer review, nor will we post letters that are essentially a reiteration of another letter. All accepted letters will be posted on our website within one week of acceptance. We reserve the right to edit any letter for length, content, and clarity. Authors of all accepted letters will be asked to preview any changes. Authors will be notified by e-mail if their letters were not accepted. As this is a final decision, no appeals will be considered.
Specific requirements: All letters must be 400 words or fewer. You may enter the letter as plain text or HTML. The author's name and e-mail address are required, and will be posted with the letter. All possible conflicts of interest must be noted, even if they are not posted. If you wish to include a figure (keep in mind that non-peer-reviewed data will not be posted), please contact the editors directly at firstname.lastname@example.org.