Pharmaceutically prepared IgG, pooled from sera of over 2,000 normal individuals, contained both monomeric and dimeric IgG. Each type of IgG bound 125I-labeled interleukin (IL)-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha. Increased binding to IgG was observed if 125I-IL-1 beta was denatured by heating to 39 degrees C. However, the binding of both nondenatured and denatured 125I-IL-1 beta was not inhibited by unlabeled IL-1 beta. In contrast, binding of 125I-IL-1 alpha, 125I-IL-6, and 125I-TNF alpha was inhibited by the corresponding unlabeled cytokine. Papain-digestion of IgG abolished binding of 125I-TNF alpha but failed to influence the displaceable binding of 125I-IL-1 alpha and 125I-IL-6. 125I-TNF alpha was a mixture of trimeric and monomeric forms, the latter being the predominant form at lower concentrations. The apparent saturability of 125I-TNF alpha was explained by a higher nonspecific binding of monomeric than of trimeric 125I-TNF alpha to IgG. The amounts of cytokine antibodies in IgG preparations would contribute approximately 2 micrograms anti-IL-1 alpha IgG and 1 microgram anti-IL-6 IgG per kg body wt during high dose immune globulin therapy. In conclusion, pharmaceutical preparations of human IgG contain specific and neutralizing, high affinity antibodies against IL-1 alpha and IL-6, but not against TNF alpha or IL-1 beta. There are significant methodological pitfalls that hamper detection of IgG autoantibodies against cytokines.
M Svenson, M B Hansen, K Bendtzen
The Editorial Board will only consider comments that are deemed relevant and of interest to readers. The Journal will not post data that have not been subjected to peer review; or a comment that is essentially a reiteration of another comment.