Because of a close association between platelets and macrophages in early fatty streak lesions, the hypothesis was tested that platelets contribute to lesion progression by directly enhancing macrophage cholesteryl ester (CE) accumulation. Both the rate of cholesterol esterification and the accumulation of CE were increased within 24 h of the co-culture of adherent macrophages with platelets. Maximum increases in esterification and CE accumulation were observed within 3 to 4 d of culture and were greater than 10-fold over controls. Optimum accumulation of CE by 5 X 10(5) was obtained with 5 X 10(8) autologous platelets. When similar amounts of free cholesterol were supplied with platelets, red blood cells (RBC), RBC ghosts, or sonicated RBC, only platelets enhanced macrophage CE accumulation, which indicates specificity for platelets. Products released from platelets 30 min after thrombin stimulation were active as well. The results suggest that platelets and/or substances shed by activated platelets are potent mediators of macrophage CE accumulation.
L K Curtiss, A S Black, Y Takagi, E F Plow
Guidelines: The Editorial Board will only consider letters that we deem relevant and of interest to our readers. We will not post data that have not been subjected to peer review, nor will we post letters that are essentially a reiteration of another letter. We reserve the right to edit any letter for length, content, and clarity. Authors will be notified by e-mail if their letters were accepted. No appeals will be considered.
Specific requirements: All letters must be 400 words or fewer. You may enter the letter as plain text or HTML. The author's name and e-mail address are required, and will be posted with the letter. All possible conflicts of interest must be noted, even if they are not posted. If you wish to include a figure (keep in mind that non-peer-reviewed data will not be posted), please contact the editors directly at email@example.com.