The aim of this study was to examine the role of lymphocytes in regulating expression of the 5-lipoxygenase pathway in monocytes. When monocytes were cultured over a period of days with lymphocytes, calcium ionophore-stimulated 5-lipoxygenase activity was enhanced. If lymphocytes alone were activated with lectins and their supernatants added to monocytes, stimulated 5-lipoxygenase activity was increased, whereas supernatants from lymphocytes cultured without lectins had no effect. Increased immunoreactive protein and mRNA for 5-lipoxygenase and 5-lipoxygenase activating protein were present in cells conditioned with lectin-activated lymphocyte supernatants. The effect of activated-lymphocyte supernatants could be mimicked by either GM-CSF or IL-3, but there was no additive effect with both cytokines. Both GM-CSF and IL-3 were present in the supernatant from lectin-activated lymphocytes at concentrations above their ED50, but were undetectable in the supernatant from nonactivated lymphocytes. The effect of lectin-activated lymphocyte supernatant could be inhibited by neutralizing antibodies to both cytokines, but not to either cytokine alone. We conclude that lymphocytes can regulate the expression of 5-lipoxygenase in monocytes, over a period of days, via the release of soluble factors, primarily GM-CSF and IL-3.
W L Ring, C A Riddick, J R Baker, D A Munafo, T D Bigby
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