Angiotensin II is a vasoactive peptide and may act as a growth factor in vascular smooth muscle cells. Experimental injury of the rat aorta causes rapid migration of medial smooth muscle cells and their proliferation resulting in the formation of neointima. We have examined, using quantitative autoradiography, the expression of angiotensin II receptor subtypes AT1 and AT2, and angiotensin-converting enzyme, in the neointima formed in the rat thoracic aorta 15 d after balloon-catheter injury. In contrast to the normal aortic wall, which contained both AT1 and AT2 receptors (80% and 20%, respectively), neointimal cells expressed almost exclusively angiotensin II AT1 receptors. The apparent number of these receptors was fourfold higher in the neointima compared to that in the normal aortic wall. The affinities of the neointimal receptors to angiotensin II or to the AT1 receptor antagonist, losartan, were not different from those in the normal aortic wall. Angiotensin-converting enzyme binding in the neointima was not different from that in the media of the uninjured aorta. Our data suggest that angiotensin II AT1 receptors may have a significant role in injury-induced vascular smooth muscle proliferation and migration.
M Viswanathan, C Strömberg, A Seltzer, J M Saavedra
Usage data is cumulative from December 2022 through December 2023.
Usage information is collected from two different sources: this site (JCI) and Pubmed Central (PMC). JCI information (compiled daily) shows human readership based on methods we employ to screen out robotic usage. PMC information (aggregated monthly) is also similarly screened of robotic usage.
Various methods are used to distinguish robotic usage. For example, Google automatically scans articles to add to its search index and identifies itself as robotic; other services might not clearly identify themselves as robotic, or they are new or unknown as robotic. Because this activity can be misinterpreted as human readership, data may be re-processed periodically to reflect an improved understanding of robotic activity. Because of these factors, readers should consider usage information illustrative but subject to change.