Micropuncture and/or morphologic studies were performed in seven groups of uninephrectomized (UNX) adult male Munich-Wistar rats. Control groups 1, 3, and 6 received standard (24% protein) chow and tap water. Groups 2, 4, and 5 received weekly injections of desoxycorticosterone pivilate (DOC) and 1% saline for drinking, groups 2 and 4 were fed standard chow, and Group 5 a diet containing 6% protein. Group 7 received DOC, salt, and standard chow for 3 wk followed by withdrawal of DOC and salt for an additional 6 wk. 10-14 d after UNX, groups 1 and 2 exhibited similar single nephron glomerular filtration rates (SNGFR) and initial glomerular plasma flow rates (QA). Group 2 had higher mean arterial pressure (AP) and glomerular capillary hydraulic pressure (PGC) than group 1. 3-4 wk after UNX, group 4 exhibited further elevations in AP and PGC as compared with groups 2 and 3. SNGFR and QA were similar in groups 3 and 4, but these average values were greater than typical for normal rats. Group 4 also demonstrated increased urinary protein excretion. Morphologic evaluation of glomeruli in groups 2 and 4 revealed mesangial expansion and focal intraglomerular hemorrhage whereas glomeruli of groups 1 and 3 were essentially normal. Values for AP and PGC in group 5 were not different than group 3 but significantly lower than group 4. QA and SNGFR were lower in group 5 (low protein) than in groups 3 and 4. Furthermore, proteinuria and glomerular structural lesions were abolished in group 5. Morphologic studies performed in groups 6 and 7 showed that early DOC-SALT lesions progress to focal glomerular sclerosis. These studies suggest that continued elevations in glomerular capillary flows and pressures predispose to glomerular injury in this model of systemic arterial hypertension.
L D Dworkin, T H Hostetter, H G Rennke, B M Brenner